NOT-S

NOT-S is a screening instrument that may be used to identify orofacial dysfunction in children aged three and older, in youths and in adults. The screening comprises a structured interview and a clinical exam and may be conducted by a variety of professional groups in dental and health care.

About NOT-S Development

NOT-S was developed in a joint Nordic project under the auspices of the Nordic Society for Disability and Oral Health (NFH). The work was conducted by a working group consisting of the dentists Dr. Merete Bakke, Copenhagen, and Dr. Birgitta Begendahl, Jönköping, and the speech therapists Anita McAllister, Linköping, Lotta Sjögren, Göteborg and Pamela Åsten, Oslo.

Screening

NOT-S includes a structured interview and a clinical examination consisting of six domains each. The interviews contains the domains (I) Sensory function, (II) Breathing, (III) Habits, (IV) Chewing and swallowing, (V) Drooling, and (VI) Dryness of the mouth. The examination includes the domains (1) The face at rest, and tasks regarding (2) Nose breathing, (3) Facial expression, (4) Masticatory muscle and jaw function, (5) Oral motor function, and (6) Speech. One or more 'yes' for impairment in a domain resulted in one point (maximum NOT-S score 12 points).  

Content and Ordering

NOT-S consists of an illustrated manual and a screening form that are translated to all Nordic languages as well as English. The illustrated manual can be ordered via the Mun-H-Center’s homepage.

Requirements for translation of NOT-S

Download the Guidance to NOT-S

Download the illustrated manual as a PDF

Order the illustrated manual from Mun-H-Center  - (Swedish page)

Nordic languages and English

Danish

NOT-S in Danish
Responsible translator: Merete Bakke.

English

NOT-S in English
Responsible translator: Anita McAllister.

Finnish

NOT-S in Finnish 
Responsible translator: Anneli Yliherva.

Icelandic

NOT-S in Icelandic 
Responsible translator: Elin Svarrer Wang och Ragnheidur Hansdottir.

Norwegian

NOT-S in Norwegian 
Responsible translator: Pamela Åsten.

Swedish                

NOT-S in Swedish 

Other languages

Brazilian Portuguese

NOT-S in Brazilian Portuguese 
Responsible translator: Marina Severi Leme.

Chinese

NOT-S in Chinese  Responsible translator: Tailun He.

Czech

NOT-S in Czech Responsible translator: Juraj Traurig och Marietta Tesarova.

Estonian

NOT-S in Estonian
Responsible translator: Veronika Raudsalu, Inna Marats, Tiiu Soopõld och Anna-Liisa Sutt.

French

NOT-S in French 
Responsible translator: Martine Hennequin.

German

NOT-S in German  Responsible translator: Frauke Mueller.

Italian

NOT-S in Italian 
Responsible translator: Claudia Fortuna och Andrea Ruggeri.

Japanese

NOT-S in Japanese 
Responsible translator: Kenichi Goshima, Kumiko Kawashima och Hiroyuki Miura. Backtranslation: Kaoru Oyaizu.

Latvian

NOT-S in Latvian 
Responsible translator: Eva Purina, Lolita Cibule, Andra Greitane, Ija Bauska, Ilze Blumentale och Ilze Klatenberga.

Portuguese

NOT-S in Portuguese 
Responsible translator: Omarbetad från Brasiliansk portugisiska av Rita Santiago.

Spanish

NOT-S in Spanish 
Responsible translator: Joaquín Masoliver.

Turkish

NOT-S in Turkish 
Responsible translator: Alev ALAÇAM och Arzu Şükran İNCİOĞLU.

2017

Knappe SW, Bakke M, Svanholt P, Petersson A, Sonnesen L. Long-term side effects on the temporomandibular joints and orofacial function in patients with obstructive sleep apnea treated with a mandibular advancement device. J Oral Rehabil. 2017 May;44(5):354-362. doi: 10.1111/joor.12485.  Read abstract

Cavalcante-Leão BL, Todero SR, Ferreira FM, Gavião MB, Fraiz FC.Profile of orofacial dysfunction in Brazilian children using the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening.Acta Odontol Scand. 2017 May;75(4):262-267. doi: 10.1080/00016357.2017.1290823. Epub 2017 Feb 28. Read abstract

Pedersen LK, Maimburg RD, Hertz JM, Gjørup H, Pedersen TK, Møller-Madsen B, Østergaard JR. Moebius sequence -a multidisciplinary clinical approach. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2017 Jan 6;12(1):4. doi: 10.1186/s13023-016-0559-z. Read abstract

Sardenberg F, Cavalcante-Leão BL, Todero SR, Ferreira FM, Rebellato NL, Fraiz  FC. A population-based study on the impact of orofacial dysfunction on oral health-related quality of life among Brazilian schoolchildren. Acta Odontol Scand. 2017 an 8:1-9. doi: 10.1080/00016357.2016.1275038. [Epub ahead of print]. Read abstract

Bergendal B, McAllister A. Orofacial function and monitoring of oral care in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Acta Odontol Scand. 2017 Jan 12:1-10. doi:10.1080/00016357.2016.1276212. [Epub ahead of print] Read abstract

2016

Gonçalves ML, França CM, Fragoso YD, Deana AM, de Almeida LM, Bussadori SK. Orofacial evaluation in patients with multiple sclerosis using Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening. Clin Oral Investig. 2016 Sep 6. [Epub ahead of print] Read abstract

Pinto VV, Alves LA, Mendes FM, Ciamponi AL. The nutritional state of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy is associated with oral motor dysfunction and social conditions: a cross sectional study. BMC Neurol 2016;16(1):55. doi: 10.1186/s12883-016-0573-8. Read abstract

Edvinsson SE, Lundqvist LO. Prevalence of orofacial dysfunction in cerebral palsy and its association with gross motor function and manual ability. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2016;58(4):385-394. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.12867. Read abstract

2015

Kent RD. Nonspeech Oral Movements and Oral Motor Disorders: A Narrative Review. Am J Speech Lang Pathol. 2015 Nov;24(4):763-89. doi: 10.1044/2015_AJSLP-14-0179. Read abstract

Amato JN, Tuon RA, Castelo PM, Gavião MB, Barbosa Tde S. Assessment of sleep bruxism, orthodontic treatment need, orofacial dysfunctions and salivary biomarkers in asthmatic children. Arch Oral Biol. 2015;60(5):698-705. doi: 10.1016/j.archoralbio.2015.02.011. Read abstract

2014

Marquezin MC, Gavião MB, Alonso MB, Ramirez-Sotelo LR, Haiter-Neto F, Castelo PM. Relationsship between orofacial funtion, dentofacial morphology, and bite force in young subjects. oral Dis 2014,20:567-573. Read abstract

Leme M, Barbosa T, Castelo P, Gavião MB. Associations between psychological factors and the presence of deleterious oral habits in children and adolescents. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;38:313-317. Read abstract

Kobayashi FY, Gavião MB, Montes AB, Marquezin MC, Castelo PM. Evaluation of oro-facial function in young subjects with temporomandibular disorders. J Oral Rehabil 2014;41:496-506. Read abstract

Bakke M, Petersson A, Wiese M, Svanholt P, Sonnesen L. Bony Deviations Revealed by Cone Beam Computed Tomography of the Temporomandibular Joint in Subjects Without Ongoing Pain. J Oral Facial Pain Headache 2014;28:331-337. Read abstract

Bergendal B, Bakke M, McAllister A, Sjögreen L, Asten P. Profiles of orofacial dysfunction in different diagnostic groups using the Nordic Orofacial Test (NOT-S)-A review. Acta Odontol Scand. 2014 Nov;72(8):578-584. doi: 10.3109/00016357.2014.942874. Read abstract

Åsten P, Akre H, Persson C. Associations between speech features and phenotypic severity in Treacher Collins syndrome. BMC Med Genet. 2014 Apr 28;15(1):47. Read abstract 

2013

 

McAllister A, Lundeborg I. Oral sensorimotor functions in typically developing children 3 to 8 years old; assessed by the Nordic orofacial test, NOT-S. J Med Speech Lang Pathol 2013;22:51-55. Read abstract 

Mariën P, Vidts A, Van Hecke W, De Surgeloose D, De Belder F, Parizel PM, Engelborghs S, De Deyn PP, Verhoeven J. Mastication dyspraxia: a neurodevelopmental disorder reflecting disruption of the cerebellocerebral network involved in planned actions. Cerebellum. 2013 Apr;12(2):277-89. doi: 10.1007/s12311-012-0420-4. Read abstract

Edvinsson SE, Lundqvist LO. Inter-rater and intra-rater agreement on the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening examination in children, adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy. Acta Odontol Scand. 2014;72:120-129. Read abstract 

Leme MS, de Souza Barbosa T, Gavião MB. Relationship among oral habits, orofacial function and oral health-related quality of life in children. Braz Oral Res. 2013;27:272-278. Read abstract

Bakke M, Larsen BM, Dalager T, Møller E. Oromandibular dystonia—functional and clinical characteristics: a report on 21 cases. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2013;115:e21-26. Epub 2012 Sep 21. Read abstract

Marquezin MC, Kobayashi FY, Montes AB, Gavião MB, Castelo PM. Assessment of masticatory performance, bite force, orthodontic treatment need and orofacial dysfunction in children and adolescents. Arch Oral Biol 2013 ;58:286-292.Epub 2012 Aug 29. Read abstract 

2012

De Felício CM, Medeiros AP, de Oliveira Melchior M. Validity of the 'protocolof oro-facial myofunctional evaluation with scores' for young and adult subjects. J Oral Rehabil 2012;39:744-753. Epub 2012 Aug 1. Read abstract 

Åsten P, Skogedal N, Nordgarden H, Axelsson S, Akre H, Sjögreen L.Orofacial functions and oral health associated with Treacher Collins syndrome. Acta OdontolScand. 2013;71:616-625. Epub 2012 Jul 12. Read abstract 

2011

Strini PJ, Strini PJ, De Souza Barbosa T, Duarte Gavião MB. Assessment of orofacial dysfunctions, salivary cortisol levels and oral health related qualityof life (ORHQoL) in young adults. Arch Oral Biol 2011;56:1521-1527. Read abstract 

Saeves R, Asten P, Storhaug K, Bågesund M. Orofacial dysfunction in individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome assessed with NOT-S. Acta Odontol Scand 2011;69:310-315. Read abstract

Bakke M, Larsen SL, Lautrup C, Karlsborg M. Orofacial function and oral health in patients with Parkinson's disease. Eur J Oral Sci. 2011;119:27-32. Read abstract 

2009

Bergendal B, McAllister A, Stecksén-Blicks C. Orofacial dysfunction in ectodermal dysplasias measured using the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening protocol. Acta Odontol Scand 2009;67:377-381. Read abstract 

Lundeborg I, McAllister A, Graf J, Ericsson E, Hultcrantz E. Oral motor dysfunction in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy--effects of surgery. Logoped Phoniatr Vocol 2009;34:111-116. Read abstract

2007

Bakke M, Bergendal B, McAllister A, Sjögreen L, Asten P. Development and evaluation of a comprehensive screening for orofacial dysfunction. Swed Dent J 2007;31:75-84. Read abstract 


Updated: 2017-09-26 17:29